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In 1907, Scottish playwright James Matthew Barrie wrote a play called Peter Pan, or the Boy Who wouldn't Grow Up. Four years later, he adapted the play into a novel titled Peter and Wendy, otherwise known simply as Peter Pan. The novel had a couple other books written by Barrie which expanded upon the titular character Peter Pan.

One hundred years later, the story of Peter Pan has been retold in multiple books with many variations on the character and story.

Original canon[]

  • 1904 – Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up (play): Peter brings Wendy and her brothers to Neverland, where he has a showdown with his nemesis, Captain Hook. After the play was first staged in 1904, Barrie continued to make changes until the script was published officially in 1928.[1] This play was later adapted as a novel by Barrie.
  • 1906 – Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens: an origin story where the infant Peter flies away from his home, takes up residence in Kensington Gardens and makes friends with the fairies. The story first appeared as a chapter in Barrie's The Little White Bird published in 1902.
  • 1908 – When Wendy Grew Up – An Afterthought, a short sequel play first staged in 1908, but only published in book form in 1957.
  • 1911 – Peter and Wendy (novel) (novel), later published as Peter Pan and Wendy, adapted as a novel from the play, it also incorporates events from When Wendy Grew Up – An Afterthought.
  • 1928 - Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, the first publication of the script of the play.

Retellings[]

  • The Peter Pan Picture Book (sometimes entitled The Story of Peter Pan), retold by Daniel O'Connor, illustrated by Alice B. Woodward (1907), based on the original stage production of 1904. The text was also published as Peter Pan Keepsake but illustrated with photographs from the first productions. This story differs from Barrie's own 1911 novelisation because he had made several changes to his play and story since it was first staged in 1904.[2][3]
  • Peter Pan and the Only Children by Gilbert Adair (1987), an unauthorised sequel/prequel novel. This book is written and presented in a format similar to Peter and Wendy, with bound-in colour illustrations by Jenny Thorne. It has Peter living with a different gang of Lost Boys under the ocean, recruiting "only children" who jump from passing ships as new members, including the newest: 10-year-old Marissa Porter. They have adventures under the sea, including a duel with Captain Hook which ends indecisively. The narrator suggests at the end that perhaps this is a prequel to the adventure with Wendy Darling, or they take place without sequence.
  • Neverland by Toby Forward (1989), where Peter Pan, Captain Hook etc. are brought back to life through a computer game where Hacker siblings Wendy, James and Matthew aid Pan and the Lost Boys from new foe; The Driller and his small troll army. This was the first in the Neverland Series which was followed by The Book Of Lies.
  • After the Rain: A New Adventure for Peter Pan by J. E. Somma (1999), an unauthorised sequel novel. Set in modern times, telling of Peter's reaction to a world that has grown to neglect him, and his rescue by three children who teach him that it's OK to grow up. It was published without incident in Canada, where the copyright to Peter Pan was generally agreed to have expired, but Somma and GOSH were in legal dispute when it was published in the U.S. in 2002, where GOSH claimed their copyrights were still valid. They eventually settled out of court.[4]
  • Wendy by Karen Wallace (2003), an unauthorised prequel novel for young adults. An attempt to explain the Darling children's willingness to fly away with Peter on the grounds that their home life, up until shortly before Peter appeared, had been filled with abuse and tragedy: a cruel nanny, a criminally irresponsible father, and a suggestion of insanity in the family.
  • Jardines de Kensington (translated as "Kensington Gardens") by Rodrigo Fresán (2003), interweaves the story of Peter Pan, his creator JM Barrie, and various aspects of 1960s London pop culture. The narrator is called "Peter Hook".[5]
  • The Lost Girls: A Novel by Laurie Fox (2004), an unauthorised sequel novel. Follows the interaction of Peter Pan with each generation of Wendy Darling's female descendants, up to a distinctly 21st-century great-great-granddaughter. Published by Simon & Schuster.
  • The Starcatchers books were written by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson as an unauthorized series reboot and published by Hyperion Books (a subsidiary of Disney) in the US and by Walker Books in the UK.[6][7][8][9]
    • Peter and the Starcatchers (2004). Set on a ship called Never Land featuring Peter and an earlier group of Lost Boys. In 2005, the publisher announced plans by Disney to adapt the book as a digitally animated movie. "Peter and the Starcatchers" was adapted to a play similarly titled "Peter and the Starcatcher" winning several Tony awards.[10]
    • Peter and the Shadow Thieves (2006).
    • Peter and the Secret of Rundoon (2007).
    • Peter and the Sword of Mercy (2009). Twenty-three years since Peter and the Lost Boys returned from Rundoon.
    • The Bridge to Never Land (2011). Sarah and Aidan are drawn from the modern world as they follow clues left by an ancient coded document.
  • Writers Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson, along with illustrator Greg call, created a series of unauthorised spin-off chapter books which was based on the continuity established by the "Starcatchers" novels, for a younger audience.
    • Escape from the Carnivale (2006).[11][12]
    • Cave of the Dark Wind (2007).[13]
    • Blood Tide (2008)[14]
  • Capt. Hook: The Adventures of a Notorious Youth by James V. Hart (co-writer of the movie Hook), Brett Helquist (ill.) (2005), an authorised (non-canon) prequel illustrated novel, published by HarperCollins in the US. Details the history of 15-year-old James Matthew, young Oppidan Scholar and future Captain Hook. The book portrays the villainous youth in a sympathetic light.
  • The Disney Fairies books by Gail Carson Levine, David Christiana (ill.), a series of spin-off illustrated novels for children. Part of the Disney Fairies franchise, published by Disney Press in the US and HarperCollins in the UK. Introduces a new cast of "Never Fairies", in addition to Tinker Bell. Peter Pan and Captain Hook are mentioned but play very minor roles. Additional chapter books in the series are intended for younger readers, and were written by various authors, focusing on the different characters invented by Levine.[15]
    • Fairy Dust and the Quest for the Egg (2005).
    • Fairy Haven and the Quest for the Wand (2007).
  • Peter Pan in Scarlet by Geraldine McCaughrean (2006), the official sequel novel, commissioned by the Great Ormond Street Hospital following a competition launched in 2004. The book is published by Oxford University Press in the UK and Margaret K McElderry (Simon & Schuster) in the US.
  • Tigerheart was a novel written by Peter David in 2008, retelling the Peter Pan stories from another character's perspective. The novel referred to him as "the boy" throughout the novel, and referenced both Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens and Peter and Wendy with changes to many of the original characters.
  • Peter Pan's NeverWorld by Peter Von Brown (2008), an unauthorized sequel which aims for perfect continuity with Peter and Wendy, based on JM Barre's unfinished draft sequel and notes taking Peter – and his brother Michael – to their own magical planet after Neverland becomes noticeable on radar.
  • Never After was written in 2009 by Dan Elconin, as a sequel for teen readers. Set in the present, it is one of the many variations where Peter Pan is the true antagonist that the Lost Children end up fighting against while Captain James Hook is revealed to be the anti-hero protagonist.
  • The Child Thief by artist Gerald Brom (2009), an illustrated novel reinterpreting Peter Pan based on the darker themes in the story as a ruthless figure recruiting children to serve toward his own ends in helping the enchantress Lady of the Lake and her deity father in protecting their kingdoms along with their citizens.
  • Another Pan by Daniel Nayeri and Dina Nayeri (2010), a darker version featuring an 18-year-old Peter Pan searching for the magic bone dust so he will never grow old. Characters also include Wendy, John and their father George Darling.[16]
  • Always Neverland by Zoe Barton (2011). Ashley is to be another in a long series of "Wendy girls" Peter brings to Neverland, but she is more interested in adventuring.[17]
  • Tiger Lily by Jodi Lynn Anderson (2013). The story of fifteen-year-old Tiger Lily who becomes enthralled and entangled in the life of Peter Pan, told from the perspective of Tinker Bell.[18]
  • Peter Pan: Betwixt-and-Between by Peter Von Brown (2013), an interquel novel depicting how Peter Pan, an eternal infant in Kensington Gardens, became the unaging boy on the magical island. The novel utilizes J. M. Barrie's notes and his additional material on Pan wherever possible.
  • Alias Hook by Lisa Jensen (2014). Captain Hook is stuck in an endless loop of warring with Peter Pan until a grown woman named Stella Parrish dreams her way into Neverland and begins to change things.
  • Hook's Revenge Series by Heidi Schulz is a humorous adventure series about the 12-year-old daughter of Captain Hook on a quest to avenge her father's death.[19]
    • Hook's Revenge (2014)
    • The Pirate Code (2015)
  • Never Never by Brianna R. Shrum (2015), the origin of James Hook and his rivalry with Peter.[20]
  • Essence of Neverland by Juna Jensei (2015), Peter Pan is actually killed by Captain Hook, prompting the race to find a replacement for him fast as Neverland declines into a place of violence and evil without his positive influence.
  • Unhooked by Lisa Maxwell (2016), Gwendolyn's mother's fears are proven right when shadowy creatures kidnap her and her best friend Olivia to a terrifying place called Neverland. She must choose whom to trust: the charming fairy-tale hero or the roguish young pirate.[21]
  • The Neverland Wars is a book series written by Audrey Greathouse. The story of sixteen-year-old Gwen who gets caught between the looming war of Neverland and her personal reality.[22]
    • The Neverland Wars (2016)
    • The Piper's Price (2017)
    • The Grown Ups' Crusade (2018)
  • Never Ever Series by Sara Saedi is loosely based on Peter Pan. Wylie meets Phinn in a club and he whisks her and her brother off to a magical island where no one ages past seventeen.[23]
    • Never Ever (2016)
    • The Lost Kids (2018)
  • Peter Darling by Austin Chant (2017), a romance between an adult Peter Pan (who is a transgender man born as "Wendy") and Captain Hook.[24] Winner of the 2017 Rainbow Award for best cover and best transgender science fiction/fantasy.[25]
  • Forever Neverland (2019) written by Susan Adrian that combines original fairy-tale material with Greek mythology centering on a nuanced version of autistic/neuro-typical siblings. It follows pre-teens Clover and autistic Fergus the great-great-grandchildren of Wendy Darling and their journey to Neverland that is in the midst of a crisis
  • Straight on Till Morning by Liz Braswell (2020). A tale of sixteen-year-old Wendy Darling that takes place four years after the original story. In order to escape her teenage reality, she gets mixed up in the dealings of Captain Hook, and must partner with Tinkerbell in order to save Peter's life. Part of the Twisted Tale Series from the Disney Book Group.[26]
  • The Heirs of Neverland series was written by Kara Swanson and features two novels. The series follows the Kenton twins Connor Kenton and Claire Kenton who have Pixie dust flowing through their bodies notably their veins with Claire having to rescue her brother and restore a crumbling Neverland by stopping Peter Pan's disturbed, wicked older sister; Page Pan.
  • The Hook and Jill saga is written by Andrea Jones and features three novels. It is a serious parody of the Peter Pan story for adults, in which Wendy and the Lost Boys are beginning to grow up, and Captain Hook still seeks revenge against Peter.
    • Hook & Jill (2009)
    • Other Oceans (2012)
    • Other Islands (2017)
  • Wendy's Betrayal (La traición de Wendy) by Jose Alberto Arias (2010) a Spanish-language darker sequel novel featuring a crazy, evil Peter Pan who kidnaps boys and girls and lets them die in Neverland. It is also the story of Ruth Kenthom, a 12-year-old girl who tries to escape and find her younger sister so that they can go back to London.
  • The Tales of the Wendy series was written by Erin Skye and Stephen Brown and features three novels and one novella. The series is set in the 18th century and follows seventeen year old orphan Wendy Darling, who aspires to join the Royal Navy in spite of her gender. Her opportunity comes when she meets the magical "everlost" man Peter Pan, which throws her into a world of magic where she must fight for those she cares about as well what she believes in.
    • The Wendy (2018) - Wendy meets the everlost Peter Pan, and the encounter draws her into the path of Captain Hook, who is the sworn enemy of all everlost.
    • The Navigator (2019) - Through a magical compass given to her by Peter, Wendy navigates Hook's ships to Neverland. There they encounter imps, dangerous flying ships and a growing darkness which threatens Neverland and beyond.
    • The Captain (2021)
    • Tigerlilja (2018) - A companion novella which acts as a prequel to the series and explains the origins of Peter Pan.
  • Lost in the Never Woods by Aiden Thomas in the small small coastal town of Astoria Wendy search for her two brothers leads to a mysterious boy called peter
  • The Nevermor series is a book series written by Lani Lenore and is set in an alternate version of Neverland, called Nevermor.
    • Nevermor (2013)
    • Forsaken Dreamscape (2014)
    • Shadow Sun (2015)
  • The Everland series by Wendy Spinale is a steam-punk/dystopian retelling of Peter Pan
    • Everland (2016)
    • Lost Boy (2016)
    • Umberland (2017)
    • Ozland (2018)
  • The Kingdom of Fairytales series is an ongoing series by J.A. Armitage which retells classic fairytales eighteen years after the original in a four book arc. The Kingdom of Fairytales: Peter Pan Series is the twelfth season which was published in November 2020 and follows the adventures of 17 year old Lyric, the adopted daughter of the immortal child Peter Pan as she finds out her real origins and discovers Neverland.


Non-fiction[]

  • Fifty Years of Peter Pan by Roger Lancelyn Green is an account of the first 50 years in Peter Pan's stage history.[27]
  • J.M. Barrie and The Lost Boys by Andrew Birkin is an account of the meeting and relationship between Barrie and the Llewelyn Davies] family, and how Peter Pan came to be created, based on his docudrama The Lost Boys broadcast in 1978.[28]
  • The Peter Pan Syndrome: Men Who Have Never Grown Up, was written in 1983 by Dr. Dan Kiley, who popularised the Peter Pan syndrome in his book about individuals (usually male) with underdeveloped maturity; his next book, The Wendy Dilemma (1984), advises women romantically involved with "Peter Pans" on how to improve their relationships.[29][30]
  • Peter Pan on Stage and Screen, 1904–2010 by Bruce Hanson covers the genesis of Peter Pan and its productions in the UK and US; updated edition of Hanson's work The Peter Pan Chronicles, published in 1993.[31]
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogowithtink.png
J.M. Barrie's Peter Pan
Main characters Peter PanCaptain HookTinker BellWendy DarlingTiger LilyJohn DarlingMichael DarlingMr. Smee
Other characters Mrs. DarlingMr. DarlingJohn DarlingMichael DarlingNibsCurlyTootlesSlightlyThe TwinsGreat Big Little Panther
Inhabitants of Neverland Lost BoysPiratesMermaidsFairiesIndians
Other The Jolly RogerNeverlandFairy dust
Books Peter and WendyPeter Pan in Kensington GardensThe Little White Bird When Wendy Grew Up - An AfterthoughtPeter Pan in Scarlet
Works in various media Books • Films/TV Series • Comics • Plays • Music
  1. Birkin, Andrew.J.M. Barrie and the Lost BoysYale (2003)
  2. O'Connor, Daniel, illustrated by Alice B Woodward. The Peter Pan Picture Book. G. Bell & Sons (1907)
  3. O'Connor, Daniel. Peter Pan Keepsake. Chatto & Windus (1907)
  4. https://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/attachments/SommaPressRelease.pdf
  5. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2005/jul/23/featuresreviews.guardianreview16
  6. {https://www.broadway.com/buzz/161678/playwright-rick-elice-on-transforming-a-lost-boy-and-girl-into-peter-and-the-starcatcher/
  7. Book Review: Barry and Pearson: "Peter and the Starcatchers"
  8. David Barry's site
  9. Goodreads-Peter and the Starcatchers
  10. Template:Cite web
  11. Template:Cite web
  12. Kidsreads.com, Escape from the Carnivale: A Never Land Book by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson
  13. Kidsreads.com, Cave of the dark wind : A Never Land Book by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson
  14. Amazon listing for Blood Tide
  15. Goodreads
  16. Goodreads
  17. The Guardian Tiger Lily Review. The Guardian. Retrieved April, 12th, 2021.
  18. Goodreads: Hook's Revenge Series
  19. Goodreads}
  20. Goodreads
  21. The Neverland Wars Book Review. One More Page UK. Retrieved April 15th, 2021.
  22. Goodreads: Never Ever Series
  23. [1]
  24. [2]
  25. Schmidt, Jennifer. Straight on Till Morning Review. Inside the Magic. Retrieved April 15th, 2021
  26. Lancelyn Green, Roger. Fifty Years of Peter Pan. Peter Davies Publishing (1954)
  27. Birkin, Andrew. J.M. Barrie and The Lost Boys. Constable, 1979; Revised Edition: Yale University Press, 2003
  28. Kiley, Dr. Dan (1983). The Peter Pan Syndrome: Men Who Have Never Grown Up. Avon Books.
  29. Kiley, Dr. Dan (1984). The Wendy Dilemma: When Women Stop Mothering Their Men. Arbor House Publishing.
  30. Hanson, Bruce. Peter Pan on Stage and Screen, 1904–2010. McFarland (2011)
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